The Caribbean Netherlands are the three special municipalities of the Netherlands. They are made up of the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba. The term “Caribbean Netherlands” is sometimes used to refer to all of the islands in the Dutch Caribbean. Officially, the three islands are also known as the BES islands, which is the acronym of their names. The islands are Overseas Territories of Holland (The Netherlands).
While Dutch is the official language, English and Papiamento are also widely spoken on the islands. Tourism, like in many of the other isles, is important to the economy of all three of the BES islands. Bonaire’s capital is Kralendijk, Sint Eustatius’s is Oranjestad and Saba’s is The Bottom. The economy is boosted by salt production in addition to the emphasis on tourism.