Montserrat is one of the British Overseas Territories in the Caribbean and measures around 10 miles in length and 7 miles in width. Montserrat, also known as The Emerald Isle of the Caribbean, is derived from its similar appearance to coastal Ireland as well as the Irish ancestry of many of its inhabitants.
Unfortunately, in 1995 the previously dormant Soufrière Hills volcano became active. Plymouth, which was then the capital city, was destroyed. This led to mass migration, as two-thirds of the island’s population was forced to evacuate; most relocated to the United Kingdom. By 1997, fewer than 1,200 people remained on the island. The population continues to rise despite the fact that the volcanic activity continues. Brades is the new capital. Due to the devastation, Montserrat’s economy is supported mostly by the British government.