Suriname (sometimes spelled Surinam) is a country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America that is officially known as the Republic of Suriname. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and Brazil to the south. At just under 64,000 sq. miles, it is the smallest sovereign state in South America. Suriname is Dutch-speaking and has a population of about 558,368, most of whom live in and around the capital and largest city, Paramaribo, on the country’s north coast. Paramaribo is a popular vacation destination because of its pleasant social atmosphere.
Suriname’s economy does not rely on tourism as heavily as other Caribbean islands. Its economy is dominated by the bauxite industry, a common ore for aluminum. Suriname is also an independent state of the Netherlands, but it has been distancing itself from the Netherlands financially in recent years. One-third of the country is comprised of national nature preserves.